History Of The Firefighter Challenge
The Challenge was born the day that Chief David Gratz, Director of Fire/Rescue Services, Montgomery County, MD, walked into the Human Performance Laboratory at the Sports Medicine Center of the University of Maryland in July, 1974. Present to greet him were Drs. Dotson, Santa Maria and Davis. Chief Gratz's interest was immediate - he needed a validated test. The mission: develop a physical ability test to determine whether a job applicant had the requisite capabilities to perform the essential job functions of a firefighter.
With US Fire Administration funding, the research design was laid out. It required the cooperation of fire departments in seven Washington, DC, political jurisdictions, each providing a representative sample of firefighters proportionate to its relative size. Ultimately 100 randomly selected firefighters underwent a battery of fitness tests at the Human Performance Laboratory that included measures of cardiopulmonary performance and muscular fitness.
Concurrent with the fitness tests and with the assistance of the Maryland Fire Rescue Institute (MFRI), Drs. Dotson and Davis designed a criterion task test (CTT) employing five commonly performed or highly critical fireground evolutions. Each of the 100 firefighters performed the five tasks successively while wearing full protective ensemble (including SCBA) "in the same manner as at the scene of a fire." After all testing, the results of the laboratory fitness measures were statistically correlated against the CTT performances. This landmark study demonstrated a high correlation between personal fitness and job performance. That was in 1976.
In 1991, Dr. Davis hit upon an idea that would eventually become the Challenge. He had observed the competitive nature of firefighters during the initial testing back in 1976. So, he thought, "why not devise a competition that would highlight the unique nature of the fire service and showcase the talents and capabilities of firefighters." The CTT seemed the perfect "vehicle" for the task.
In early 1991, he approached the Washington, DC, Council of Governments to get support for his idea, briefing the various fire chiefs on his concept for the competition. With their approval he worked with the Fire Training Officer Sub-committee and came up with the rules for the competition. Everything was ready.
Sunday, May 5, 1991, dawned bright and cool. Teams from five departments in the D.C. metropolitan area gathered at MFRI to christen what would become the Firefighter Combat Challenge. Quiet as church mice while instructions and rules were given, the several hundred spectators erupted spontaneously as the first competitor made his way to the top of the tower. The crowd's response told Davis that he was onto something. TV coverage and a four-page color story in Fire Chief magazine added credibility to the event.
The first Challenge was won by Prince William County, VA, in a time of 10:08. Although that was the only event that first year, the seeds of competition had been sown. The next year, 1992, with DuPont as the presenting sponsor, saw seven competitions and the first truly national championship held during the International Association of Fire Chiefs' (IAFC) annual meeting in Anaheim, CA. The Casper Fire Department took top honors.
By 1993 the Challenge had expanded to twelve events spread across the nation. ESPN initiated its coverage of the Challenge at the National Championship, the first-ever indoor competition. The Championship, held in Dallas, TX, during the annual IAFC meeting, was won, again, by Casper.